== 맹자3 영문(孟子3 英文) ==
[Mencius]
114. 盡心上 18
孟子曰:「人之有德慧術知者,恒存乎疢疾。獨孤臣孽子,其操心也危,其慮患也深,故達。」
"Mencius said, 'Men who are possessed of intelligent virtue and prudence in affairs will generally be found to have been in sickness and troubles. They are the friendless minister and concubine's son, who keep their hearts under a sense of peril, and use deep precautions against calamity. On this account they become distinguished for their intelligence.' "

== 맹자3 영문(孟子3 英文) ==
[Mencius]
115. 盡心上 19
孟子曰:「有事君人者,事是君則為容悅者也。有安社稷臣者,以安社稷為悅者也。有天民者,達可行於天下而後行之者也。有大人者,正己而物正者也。」
"Mencius said, 'There are persons who serve the prince; they serve the prince, that is, for the sake of his countenance and favour. There are ministers who seek the tranquillity of the State, and find their pleasure in securing that tranquillity. There are those who are the people of Heaven. They, judging that, if they were in office, they could carry out their principles, throughout the kingdom, proceed so to carry them out. There are those who are great men. They rectify themselves and others are rectified.' "

== 맹자3 영문(孟子3 英文) ==
[Mencius]
116. 盡心上 20
孟子曰:「君子有三樂,而王天下不與存焉。父母俱存,兄弟無故,一樂也。仰不愧於天,俯不怍於人,二樂也。得天下英才而教育之,三樂也。君子有三樂,而王天下不與存焉。」
"Mencius said, 'The superior man has three things in which he delights, and to be ruler over the kingdom is not one of them. That his father and mother are both alive, and that the condition of his brothers affords no cause for anxiety; this is one delight. That, when looking up, he has no occasion for shame before Heaven, and, below, he has no occasion to blush before men; this is a second delight. That he can get from the whole kingdom the most talented individuals, and teach and nourish them; this is the third delight. The superior man has three things in which he delights, and to be ruler over the kingdom is not one of them.' "

== 맹자3 영문(孟子3 英文) ==
[Mencius]
117. 盡心上 21
孟子曰:「廣土眾民,君子欲之,所樂不存焉。中天下而立,定四海之民,君子樂之,所性不存焉。君子所性,雖大行不加焉,雖窮居不損焉,分定故也。君子所性,仁義禮智根於心。其生色也,睟然見於面,盎於背,施於四體,四體不言而喻。」
"Mencius said, 'Wide territory and a numerous people are desired by the superior man, but what he delights in is not here. To stand in the centre of the kingdom, and tranquillize the people within the four seas - the superior man delights in this, but the highest enjoyment of his nature is not here. What belongs by his nature to the superior man cannot be increased by the largeness of his sphere of action, nor diminished by his dwelling in poverty and retirement - for this reason that it is determinately apportioned to him by Heaven. What belongs by his nature to the superior man are benevolence, righteousness, propriety, and knowledge. These are rooted in his heart; their growth and manifestation are a mild harmony appearing in the countenance, a rich fullness in the back, and the character imparted to the four limbs. Those limbs understand to arrange themselves, without being told.' "

== 맹자3 영문(孟子3 英文) ==
[Mencius]
118. 盡心上 22
孟子曰:「伯夷辟紂,居北海之濱,聞文王作興,曰:『盍歸乎來!吾聞西伯善養老者。』太公辟紂,居東海之濱,聞文王作興,曰:『盍歸乎來!吾聞西伯善養老者。』天下有善養老,則仁人以為己歸矣。五畝之宅,樹牆下以桑,匹婦蠶之,則老者足以衣帛矣。五母雞,二母彘,無失其時,老者足以無失肉矣。百畝之田,匹夫耕之,八口之家足以無飢矣。所謂西伯善養老者,制其田里,教之樹畜,導其妻子,使養其老。五十非帛不煖,七十非肉不飽。不煖不飽,謂之凍餒。文王之民,無凍餒之老者,此之謂也。」
"Mencius said, 'Bo Yi, that he might avoid Zhou, was dwelling on the coast of the northern sea when he heard of the rise of king Wen. He roused himself and said, ""Why should I not go and follow him? I have heard that the chief of the West knows well how to nourish the old."" Tai Gong, to avoid Zhou, was dwelling on the coast of the eastern sea. When he heard of the rise of king Wen, he said, ""Why should I not go and follow him? I have heard that the chief if the West knows well how to nourish the old."" If there were a prince in the kingdom, who knew well how to nourish the old, all men of virtue would feel that he was the proper object for them to gather to. Around the homestead with its five mau, the space beneath the walls was planted with mulberry trees, with which the women nourished silkworms, and thus the old were able to have silk to wear. Each family had five brood hens and two brood sows, which were kept to their breeding seasons, and thus the old were able to have flesh to eat. The husbandmen cultivated their farms of 100 mu, and thus their families of eight mouths were secured against want. The expression, ""The chief of the West knows well how to nourish the old,"" refers to his regulation of the fields and dwellings, his teaching them to plant the mulberry and nourish those animals, and his instructing the wives and children, so as to make them nourish their aged. At fifty, warmth cannot be maintained without silks, and at seventy flesh is necessary to satisfy the appetite. Persons not kept warm nor supplied with food are said to be starved and famished, but among the people of king Wen, there were no aged who were starved or famished. This is the meaning of the expression in question.' "

== 맹자3 영문(孟子3 英文) ==
[Mencius]
119. 盡心上 23
孟子曰:「易其田疇,薄其稅斂,民可使富也。食之以時,用之以禮,財不可勝用也。民非水火不生活,昏暮叩人之門戶,求水火,無弗與者,至足矣。聖人治天下,使有菽粟如水火。菽粟如水火,而民焉有不仁者乎?」
"Mencius said, 'Let it be seen to that their fields of grain and hemp are well cultivated, and make the taxes on them light - so the people may be made rich. Let it be seen to that the people use their resources of food seasonably, and expend their wealth only on the prescribed ceremonies - so their wealth will be more than can be consumed. The people cannot live without water and fire, yet if you knock at a man's door in the dusk of the evening, and ask for water and fire, there is no man who will not give them, such is the abundance of these things. A sage governs the kingdom so as to cause pulse and grain to be as abundant as water and fire. When pulse and grain are as abundant as water and fire, how shall the people be other than virtuous?' "

== 맹자3 영문(孟子3 英文) ==
[Mencius]
120. 盡心上 24
孟子曰:「孔子登東山而小魯,登太山而小天下。故觀於海者難為水,遊於聖人之門者難為言。觀水有術,必觀其瀾。日月有明,容光必照焉。流水之為物也,不盈科不行;君子之志於道也,不成章不達。」
"Mencius said, 'Confucius ascended the eastern hill, and Lu appeared to him small. He ascended the Tai mountain, and all beneath the heavens appeared to him small. So he who has contemplated the sea, finds it difficult to think anything of other waters, and he who has wandered in the gate of the sage, finds it difficult to think anything of the words of others. There is an art in the contemplation of water. It is necessary to look at it as foaming in waves. The sun and moon being possessed of brilliancy, their light admitted even through an orifice illuminates. Flowing water is a thing which does not proceed till it has filled the hollows in its course. The student who has set his mind on the doctrines of the sage, does not advance to them but by completing one lesson after another.' "

== 맹자3 영문(孟子3 英文) ==
[Mencius]
121. 盡心上 25
孟子曰:「雞鳴而起,孳孳為善者,舜之徒也。雞鳴而起,孳孳為利者,蹠之徒也。欲知舜與蹠之分,無他,利與善之閒也。」
"Mencius said, 'He who rises at cock-crowing and addresses himself earnestly to the practice of virtue, is a disciple of Shun. He who rises at cock-crowing, and addresses himself earnestly to the pursuit of gain, is a disciple of Zhi. If you want to know what separates Shun from Zhi, it is simply this: the interval between the thought of gain and the thought of virtue.' "

== 맹자3 영문(孟子3 英文) ==
[Mencius]
122. 盡心上 26
孟子曰:「楊子取為我,拔一毛而利天下,不為也。墨子兼愛,摩頂放踵利天下,為之。子莫執中,執中為近之,執中無權,猶執一也。所惡執一者,為其賊道也,舉一而廢百也。」
"Mencius said, 'The principle of the philosopher Yang was ""Each one for himself."" Though he might have benefited the whole kingdom by plucking out a single hair, he would not have done it. The philosopher Mo loves all equally. If by rubbing smooth his whole body from the crown to the heel, he could have benefited the kingdom, he would have done it. Zi Mo holds a medium between these. By holding that medium, he is nearer the right. But by holding it without leaving room for the exigency of circumstances, it becomes like their holding their one point. The reason why I hate that holding to one point is the injury it does to the way of right principle. It takes up one point and disregards a hundred others.' "

== 맹자3 영문(孟子3 英文) ==
[Mencius]
123. 盡心上 27
孟子曰:「飢者甘食,渴者甘飲,是未得飲食之正也,飢渴害之也。豈惟口腹有飢渴之害?人心亦皆有害。人能無以飢渴之害為心害,則不及人不為憂矣。」
"Mencius said, 'The hungry think any food sweet, and the thirsty think the same of any drink, and thus they do not get the right taste of what they eat and drink. The hunger and thirst, in fact, injure their palate. And is it only the mouth and belly which are injured by hunger and thirst? Men's minds are also injured by them. If a man can prevent the evils of hunger and thirst from being any evils to his mind, he need not have any sorrow about not being equal to other men.' "

== 맹자3 영문(孟子3 英文) ==
[Mencius]
124. 盡心上 28
孟子曰:「柳下惠不以三公易其介。」
"Mencius said, 'Hui of Liu Xia would not for the three highest offices of State have changed his firm purpose of life.' "

== 맹자3 영문(孟子3 英文) ==
[Mencius]
125. 盡心上 29
孟子曰:「有為者辟若掘井,掘井九軔而不及泉,猶為棄井也。」
"Mencius said, 'A man with definite aims to be accomplished may be compared to one digging a well. To dig the well to a depth of seventy-two cubits, and stop without reaching the spring, is after all throwing away the well.' "

== 맹자3 영문(孟子3 英文) ==
[Mencius]
126. 盡心上 30
孟子曰:「堯舜,性之也;湯武,身之也;五霸,假之也。久假而不歸,惡知其非有也。」
"Mencius said, 'Benevolence and righteousness were natural to Yao and Shun. Tang and Wu made them their own. The five chiefs of the princes feigned them. Having borrowed them long and not returned them, how could it be known they did not own them?' "

== 맹자3 영문(孟子3 英文) ==
[Mencius]
127. 盡心上 31
公孫丑曰:「伊尹曰:『予不狎于不順。』放太甲于桐,民大悅。太甲賢。又反之,民大悅。賢者之為人臣也,其君不賢,則固可放與?」
"Gong Sun Chou said, 'Yi Yin said, ""I cannot be near and see him so disobedient to reason,"" and therewith he banished Tai Jia to Tong. The people were much pleased. When Tai Jia became virtuous, he brought him back, and the people were again much pleased. When worthies are ministers, may they indeed banish their sovereigns in this way when they are not virtuous?' "

== 맹자3 영문(孟子3 英文) ==
[Mencius]
128. 盡心上 31
孟子曰:「有伊尹之志,則可;無伊尹之志,則篡也。」
"Mencius replied, 'If they have the same purpose as Yi Yin, they may. If they have not the same purpose, it would be usurpation.' "