== 시경(詩經): 동양 사상 형성에 일조한 시가 ==
都人士之什-7. 瓠葉(호엽): 박닢
《詩經 - Book of Poetry》
《小雅 - Minor odes of the kingdom》
《都人士之什 - Decade Of Du Ren Shi》

《瓠葉 - Hu Ye》

幡幡瓠葉,采之亨之。
君子有酒,酌言嘗之。

Of the gourd leaves, waving about,
Some are taken and boiled;
[Then] the superior man, from his spirits,
Pours out a cup, and tastes it.

有兔斯首,炮之燔之。
君子有酒,酌言獻之。

There is but a single rabbit,
Baked, or roasted.
[But] the superior man, from his spirits,
Fills the cup and presents it [to his guests].

有兔斯首,燔之炙之。
君子有酒,酌言酢之。

There is but a single rabbit,
Roasted, or broiled.
[But] from the spirits of the superior man,
[His guests] fill the cup, and present it to him.

有兔斯首,燔之炮之。
君子有酒,酌言醻之。

There is but a single rabbit,
Roasted, or baked.
[But] from the spirits of the superior man,
[His guests and he] fill the cup and pledge one another.

== 시경(詩經): 동양 사상 형성에 일조한 시가 ==
都人士之什-8. 漸漸之石(점점지석): 삐쭉삐쭉 솟은 바위
《詩經 - Book of Poetry》
《小雅 - Minor odes of the kingdom》
《都人士之什 - Decade Of Du Ren Shi》

《漸漸之石 - Jian Jian Zhi Shi》

漸漸之石,維其高矣。
山川悠遠,維其勞矣。
武人東征,不遑朝矣。

Those frowning rocks, -
How high they rise!
Over such a distance of hills and streams,
How toilsome is the march!
The warrior, in charge of the expedition to the east,
Has not a morning's leisure.

漸漸之石,維其卒矣。
山川悠遠,曷其沒矣。
武人東征,不遑出矣。

Those frowning rocks, -
How they crown the heights!
Over such a distance of hills and streams,
When shall we have completed our march?
The warrior, in charge of the expedition to the east,
Has no leisure [to think] how he wll withdraw.

有豕白蹢,烝涉波矣。
月離于畢,俾滂沱矣。
武人東征,不遑他矣。

There are swine, with their legs white,
All wading through streams.
The moon also is in the Hyades,
Which will bring still greater rain.
The warrior, in charge of the expedition to the east,
Has no leisure [to think] of anything but this.

== 시경(詩經): 동양 사상 형성에 일조한 시가 ==
都人士之什-9. 苕之華(초지화): 능소화
《詩經 - Book of Poetry》
《小雅 - Minor odes of the kingdom》
《都人士之什 - Decade Of Du Ren Shi》

《苕之華 - Tiao Zhi Hua》

苕之華,芸其黃矣。
心之憂矣,維其傷矣。

The flowers of the bignonia,
Are of a deep yellow.
My heart is sad;
I feel its wound.

苕之華,其葉青青。
知我如此,不如無生。

The flowers of the bignonia [are gone],
[There are only] its leaves all-green.
If I had known it would be thus with me,
I had better not have been born.

牂羊墳首,三星在罶。
人可以食,鮮可以飽。

The ewes have large heads;
The Three stars are [seen] in the fish-trap.
If some men can get enough to eat,
Few can get their fill.

== 시경(詩經): 동양 사상 형성에 일조한 시가 ==
都人士之什-10. 何草不黃(하초불황): 풀은 시드는데
《詩經 - Book of Poetry》
《小雅 - Minor odes of the kingdom》
《都人士之什 - Decade Of Du Ren Shi》

《何草不黃 - He Cao Bu Huang》

何草不黃,何日不行。
何人不將,經營四方。

Every plant is yellow;
Every day we march.
Every man is moving about,
Doing service in some quarter of the kingdom.

何草不玄,何人不矜。
哀我征夫,獨為匪民。

Every plant is purple;
Every man is torn from his wife.
Alas for us employed on these expeditions!
How are we alone dealt with as if we were not men?

匪兕匪虎,率彼曠野。
哀我征夫,朝夕不暇。

We are not rhinoceroses, we are not tigers,
To be kept in these desolate wilds.
Alas for us employed on these expeditions!
Morning and night we have no leisure.

有芃者狐,率彼幽草。
有棧之車,行彼周道。

The long-tailed foxes,
May keep among the dark grass.
And our box-carts,
Keep moving along the great roads.

== 시경(詩經): 동양 사상 형성에 일조한 시가 ==
文王之什-1. 文王(문왕): 주문왕
《詩經 - Book of Poetry》
《大雅 - Greater odes of the kingdom》
《文王之什 - Decade Of Wen Wang》

《文王 - Wen Wang》

文王在上,於昭于天。
周雖舊邦,其命維新。
有周不顯,帝命不時。
文王陟降,在帝左右。

King Wen is on high;
Oh! bright is he in heaven.
Although Zhou was an old country,
The [favouring] appointment lighted on it recently.
Illustrious was the House of Zhou,
And the appointment of God came at the proper season.
King Wen ascends and descends,
On the left and the right of God.

亹亹文王,令聞不已。
陳錫哉周,侯文王孫子。
文王孫子,本支百世。
凡周之士,不顯亦世。

Full of earnest activity was king Wen,
And his fame is without end.
The gifts [of God] to Zhou,
Extend to the descendants of king Wen; -
To the descendants of king Wen,
In the direct line and the collateral branches for a hundred generations.
All the officers of Zhou,
Shall [also] be illustrious from age to age.

世之不顯,厥猶翼翼。
思皇多士,生此王國。
王國克生,維周之楨。
濟濟多士,文王以寧。

They shall be illustrious from age to age,
Zealously and reverently pursuing their plans.
Admirable are the many officers,
Born in this royal kingdom.
The royal kingdom is able to produce them, -
The suppporters of [the House of] Zhou.
Numerous is the array of officers,
And by them king Wen enjoys his repose.

穆穆文王,於緝熙敬止。
假哉天命,有商孫子。
商之孫子,其麗不億。
上帝既命,侯于周服。

Profound was king Wen;
Oh! continuous and bright was his feeling of reverence.
Great is the appointment of Heaven!
There were the descendants of [the sovereigns] of Shang; -
The descendants of the sovereigns of Shang,
Were in number more than hundreds of thousands;
But when God gave the command,
They became subject to Zhou.

侯服于周,天命靡常。
殷士膚敏,祼將于京。
厥作祼將,常服黼冔。
王之藎臣,無念爾祖。

They became subject to Zhou.
The appointment of Heaven is not constant.
The officers of Yin, admirable and alert,
Assist at the libations in [our] capital; -
They assist at those libations,
Always wearing the hatchets on their lower garment and their peculiar cap.
O ye loyal ministers of the king,
Ever think of your ancestor!

無念爾祖,聿脩厥德。
永言配命,自求多福。
殷之未喪師,克配上帝。
宜鑒于殷,駿命不易。

Ever think of your ancestor,
Cultivating your virtue,
Always striving to accord with the will [of Heaven].
So shall you be seeking for much happiness.
Before Yin lost the multitudes,
[Its kings] were the assessors fo God.
Look to Yin as a beacon;
The great appointment is not easily [preserved].

命之不易,無遏爾躬。
宣昭義問,有虞殷自天。
上天之載,無聲無臭。
儀刑文王,萬邦作孚。

The appointment is not easily [preserved],
Do not cause your own extinction.
Display and make bright your righteousness and name,
And look at [the fate of] Yin in the light of Heaven.
The doings of High Heaven,
Have neither sound nor smell.
Take your pattern from king Wen,
And the myriad regions will repose confidence in you.

== 시경(詩經): 동양 사상 형성에 일조한 시가 ==
文王之什-2. 大明(대명): 크게 밝히다
《詩經 - Book of Poetry》
《大雅 - Greater odes of the kingdom》
《文王之什 - Decade Of Wen Wang》

《大明 - Da Ming》

明明在下,赫赫在上。
天難忱斯,不易維王。
天位殷適,使不挾四方。

The illustration of illustrious [virtue] is required below,
And the dread majesty is on high.
Heaven is not readily to be relied on;
It is not easy to be king.
Yin's rightful heir to the heavenly seat,
Was not permitted to possess the kingdom.

摯仲氏任,自彼殷商,
來嫁于周,曰嬪于京。
乃及王季,維德之行。
大任有身,生此文王。

Ren, the second of the princesses of Zhi,
From [the domain of] Yin-shang,
Came to be married to the prince of Zhou,
And because his wife in his capital,
Both she and king Ji,
Were entirely virtuous.
[Then] Da-ren became pregnant,
And gave birth to our king Wen.

維此文王,小心翼翼。
昭事上帝,聿懷多福。
厥德不回,以受方國。

This king Wen,
Watchfully and reverently,
With entire intelligence served God,
And so secured the great blessing.
His virtue was without deflection;
And in consequence he received [the allegiance of] the States from all quarters.

天監在下,有命既集。
文王初載,天作之合。
在洽之陽,在渭之涘。
文王嘉止,大邦有子。

Heaven surveyed this lower world;
And its appointment lighted [on king Wen].
In his early years,
It made for him a mate; -
On the north of the Qia;
On the banks of the Wei.
When king Wen would wive,
There was the lady in a large State.

大邦有子,俔天之妹。
文定厥祥,親迎于渭。
造舟為梁,不顧其光。

In a large State was the lady,
Like a fair denizen of Heaven.
The ceremonies determined the auspiciousness [of the union].
And in person he met her on the Wei.
Over it he made a bridge of boats; -
The glory [of the occasion] was illustrious.

有命自天,命此文王。
于周于京,纘女維莘。
長子維行,篤生武王。
保右命爾,燮伐大商。

The favouring appointment was from Heaven,
Giving the throne to our king Wen,
In the capital of Zhou.
The lady-successor was from Xin,
Its eldest daughter, who came to marry him.
She was blessed to give birth to king Wu,
Who was preserved, and helped, and received also the appointment,
And in accordance with it smote the great Shang.

殷商之旅,其會如林。
矢于牧野,維予侯興。
上帝臨女,無貳爾心。

The troops of Yin-shang,
Were collected like a forest,
And marshalled in the wilderness of Mu.
We rose [to the crisis]; -
'God is with you, ' [said Shang-fu to the king],
'Have no doubts in your heart. '

牧野洋洋,檀車煌煌,駟騵彭彭。
維師尚父,時維鷹揚,
涼彼武王,肆伐大商。會朝清明。

The wilderness of Mu spread out extensive;
Bright shone the chariots of sandal;
The teams of bays, black-maned and white-bellied, galloped along;
The grand-master Shang-fu,
Was like an eagle on the wing,
Assisting king Wu,
Who at one onset smote the great Shang.
That morning's encounter was followed by a clear bright [day].

== 시경(詩經): 동양 사상 형성에 일조한 시가 ==
文王之什-3. 緜(면): 길게 이어지는 것
《詩經 - Book of Poetry》
《大雅 - Greater odes of the kingdom》
《文王之什 - Decade Of Wen Wang》

《緜 - Mian》

緜緜瓜瓞。
民之初生,自土沮漆。
古公亶父,陶復陶穴,未有家室。

In long trains ever increasing grow the gourds.
When [our] people first sprang,
From the country about the Ju and the Qi,
The ancient duke Dan-fu,
Made for them kiln-like huts and caves,
Ere they had yet any houses.

古公亶父,來朝走馬。
率西水滸,至于岐下。
爰及姜女,聿來胥宇。

The ancient duke Dan-fu,
Came in the morning, galloping his horses,
Along the banks of the western rivers,
To the foot of [mount] Qi;
And there, he and the lady Jiang,
Came, and together looked out for a site on which to settle.

周原膴膴,菫茶如飴。
爰始爰謀,爰契我龜。
曰止曰時,築室于茲。

The plain of Zhou looked beautiful and rich,
With its violets and sowthistles [sweet] as dumplings.
There he began with consulting [his followers];
There he singed the tortoise-shell, [and divined].
The responses were - there to stay, and then;
And they proceeded there to build their houses.

迺慰迺止,迺左迺右,
迺疆迺理,迺宣迺畝,
自西徂東,周爰執事。

He encouraged the people and settled them;
Here on the left, there on the right.
He divided the ground into larger tracts and smaller portions;
He dug the ditches; he defined the acres;
From the west to the east,
There was nothing which he did not take in hand.

乃召司空,乃召司徒,俾立室家。
其繩則直,縮版以載,作廟翼翼。

He called his superintendent of works;
He called his minister of instruction;
And charged them with the building of the houses.
With the line they made everything straight;
They bound the frame-boards tight, so that they should rise regularly.
Uprose the ancestral temple in its solemn grandeur.

捄之陾陾,度之薨薨,
築之登登,削屢馮馮,
百堵皆興,鼛鼓弗勝。

Crowds brought the earth in baskets
They threw it with shouts into the frames;
They beat it with responsive blows;
They pared the walls repeatedly, and they sounded strong.
Five thousand cubits of them arose together,
So that the roll of the great drum did not overpower [the noise of the builders].

迺立臯門,臯門有伉。
迺立應門,應門將將。
迺立冢土,戎醜攸行。

They set up the gate of the enceinte;
And the gate of the enceinte stood high.
They set up the court gate;
And the court gate stood grand.
They reared the great altar [to the Spirits of the land],
From which all great movements should proceed.

肆不殄厥慍,亦不隕厥問。
柞棫拔矣,行道兌矣。
混夷駾矣,維其喙矣。

Thus though he could nto prevent the rage [of his foes],
He did not let fall his own fame.
The oaks and the Yu were [gradually] thinned,
And roads for travelling were opened.
The hordes of the Hun disappeared,
Startled and panting.

虞芮質厥成,文王蹶厥生。
予曰有疏附,予曰有先後,
予曰有奔奏,予曰有禦侮。

[The chiefs of] Yu and Rui were brought to an agreement,
By king Wen's stimulating their natural virtue.
Then, I may say, some came to him, previously not knowing him;
And some, drawn the last by the first;
And some, drawn by his rapid success;
Ans some, by his defence [of the weak] from insult.

== 시경(詩經): 동양 사상 형성에 일조한 시가 ==
文王之什-4. 棫樸(역박): 떡갈나무
《詩經 - Book of Poetry》
《大雅 - Greater odes of the kingdom》
《文王之什 - Decade Of Wen Wang》

《棫樸 - Yu Pu》

芃芃棫樸,薪之槱之。
濟濟辟王,左右趣之。

Abundant is the growth of the yu and the pu,
Supplying firewood; yea, stores of it.
Elegant and dignified was our prince and king;
On the right and the left they hastened to him.

濟濟辟王,左右奉璋。
奉璋峩峩,髦士攸宜。

Elegant and dignified was our prince and king;
On his left and his right they bore their half-mace [libation-cups]; -
They bore their instruments with solemn gravity,
As beseemed such eminent officers.

淠彼涇舟,烝徒楫之。
周王于邁,六師及之。

They rush along, - those boats on the Jing.
All the rowers labouring at their oars.
The king of Zhou marched on,
Followed by his six hosts.

倬彼雲漢,為章于天。
周王壽考,遐不作人。

Vast is that Milky Way,
Making a brilliant figure in the sky.
Long years did the king of Zhou enjoy; -
Did he not exert an influence upon men?

追琢其章,金玉其相。
勉勉我王,綱紀四方。

Engraved and chiselled are the ornaments;
Of metal and of jade is their substance.
Ever active was our king,
Giving law and rules to the four quarters [of the kingdom].

== 시경(詩經): 동양 사상 형성에 일조한 시가 ==
文王之什-5. 旱麓(한록): 한산의 기슭
《詩經 - Book of Poetry》
《大雅 - Greater odes of the kingdom》
《文王之什 - Decade Of Wen Wang》

《旱麓 - Han Lu》

瞻彼旱麓,榛楛濟濟。
豈弟君子,于祿豈弟。

Look at the foot of the Han,
How abundantly grow the hazel and the arrow-thorn!
Easy and self-possessed was our prince,
In his pursuit of dignity [still] easy and self-possessed!

瑟彼玉瓚,黃流在中。
其弟君子,福祿攸降。

Massive is that libation-cup of jade,
With the yellow liquid [sparkling] in it.
Easy and self-possessed was our prince,
The fit recipient of blessing and dignity.

鳶飛戾天,魚躍于淵。
豈弟君子,遐不作人。

The hawk flies up to heaven;
The fishes leap in the deep.
Easy and self-possessed was our-prince; -
Did he not exert an influence upon men?

清酒既載,騂牡既備。
以享以祀,以介景福。

His clear spirits are in vessel;
His red bull is ready; -
To offer, to sacrifice,
To increase his bright happiness.

瑟彼柞棫,民所燎矣。
豈弟君子,神所勞矣。

Thick grow the oaks and the yu,
Which the people use for fuel.
Easy and self-possessed was our prince,
Cheered and encouraged by the Spirits.

莫莫葛藟,施于條枚。
豈弟君子,求福不回。

Luxuriant are the dolichos and other creepers,
Clinging to the branches and stems,
Easy and self-possessed was our prince,
Seeking for happiness by no crooked ways.

== 시경(詩經): 동양 사상 형성에 일조한 시가 ==
文王之什-6. 思齊(사제): 정숙하신 태임님
《詩經 - Book of Poetry》
《大雅 - Greater odes of the kingdom》
《文王之什 - Decade Of Wen Wang》

《思齊 - Si Zhai》

思齊大任,文王之母,
思媚周姜,京室之婦。
大姒嗣徽音,則百斯男。

Pure and reverent was Da-ren,
The mother of king Wen;
Loving was she to Zhou Jiang; -
A wife becoming the House of Zhou.
Da-si inherited her excellent fame,
And from her came a hundred sons.

惠于宗公,神罔時怨,神罔時恫。
刑于寡妻,至于兄弟,以御于家邦。

He conformed to the example of his ancestors,
And their Spirits had no occasion for complaint.
Their Spirits had no occasion for dissatisfaction,
And his example acted on his wife,
Extended to his brethren,
And was felt by all the clans and States.

雝雝在宮,肅肅在廟。
不顯亦臨,無射亦保。

Full of harmony was he in his palace;
Full of reverence in the ancestral temple.
Out of sight he still felt as under inspection;
Unweariedly he maintained [his virtue].

肆戎疾不殄,烈假不瑕。
不聞亦式,不諫亦入。

Though he could not prevent [some] great calamities,
His brightness and magnanimity were without stain.
Without previous instruction he did what was right;
Without admonition, he went on [in the path of goodness].

肆成人有德,小子有造。
古之人無斁,譽髦斯士。

So, grown up men became virtuous [through him],
And young men made [constant] attainments.
[Our] ancient prince never felt weariness,
And from him were the fame and eminence of his officers.

== 시경(詩經): 동양 사상 형성에 일조한 시가 ==
文王之什-7. 皇矣(황의): 거룩하심
《詩經 - Book of Poetry》
《大雅 - Greater odes of the kingdom》
《文王之什 - Decade Of Wen Wang》

《皇矣 - Huang Yi》

皇矣上帝,臨下有赫。
監觀四方,求民之莫。
維此二國,其政不獲。
維彼四國,爰究爰度。
上帝耆之,憎其式廓。
乃眷西顧,止維與宅。

Great is God,
Beholding this lower world in majesty.
He surveyed the four quarters [of the kingdom],
Seeking for some one to give settlement to the people.
Those two [earlier] dynasties,
Had failed to satisfy Him with their government;
So throughout the various States,
He sought and considered,
For one on which he might confer the rule.
Hating all the great [States],
He turned His kind regards on the west,
And there gave a settlement [to king Da].

作之屏之,其菑其翳。
脩之平之,其灌其栵。
啟之辟之,其檉其椐。
攘之剔之,其檿其柘。
帝遷明德,串夷載路。
天立厥配,受命既固。

[King Da] raised up and removed,
The dead trunks, and the fallen trees.
He dressed and regulated,
The bushy clumps, and the [tangled] rows.
He opened up and cleared,
The tamarix trees, and the stave-trees.
He hewed and thinned,
The mountain-mulberry trees.
God having brought about the removal thither of this intelligent ruler,
The Chuan hordes fled away.
Heaven raised up a helpmeet for him.
And the appointment he had received was made sure.

帝省其山,柞棫斯拔,松柏斯兌。
帝作邦作對,自大伯王季。
維此王季,因心則友。
則友其兄,則篤其慶。
載錫之光,受祿無喪,奄有四方。

God surveyed the hills,
Where the oaks and yu were thinned,
And paths made through the firs and cypresses.
God, who had raised the State, raised up a proper ruler for it; -
From the time of Da-bo and king Ju [this was done].
Now this king Ji,
In his heart was full of brotherly duty.
Full of duty to his elder brother,
He gave himself the more to promote the prosperity [of the country],
And secured to him the glory [of his act].
He accepted his dignity, and did not lose it,
And [ere long his family] possessed the whole kingdom.

維此王季,帝度其心。
貊其德音,其德克明。
克明克類,克長克君。
王此大邦,克順克比。
比于文王,其德靡悔。
既受帝祉,施于孫子。

The king Ji,
Was gifted by God with the power of judgement,
So that the fame of his virtue silently grew.
His virtue was highly intelligent; -
Highly intelligent and of rare discrimination;
Able to lead, able to rule, -
To rule over this great country;
Rendering a cordial submission, effecting a cordial union.
When [the sway] came to king Wen,
His virtue left nothing to be dissatisfied with.
He received the blessing of God,
And it was extended to his descendants.

帝謂文王,無然畔援,
無然歆羨,誕先登于岸。
密人不恭,敢距大邦,侵阮徂共。
王赫斯怒,爰整其旅,
以按徂旅,以篤于周祜,以對于天下。

God said to king Wen,
' Be not like those who reject this and cling to that;
Be not like those who are ruled by their likings and desires; '
So he grandly ascended before others to the height [of virtue].
The people of Mi were disobedient,
Daring to oppose our great country,
And invaded Ruan, marching to Gong.
The king rose majestic in his wrath;
He marshalled his troops,
To stop the invading foes;
To consolidate the prosperity of Zhou;
To meet [the expectations of ] all under heaven.

依其在京,侵自阮疆,陟我高岡。
無矢我陵,我陵我阿。
無飲我泉,我泉我池。
度其鮮原,居歧之陽,在渭之將。
萬邦之方,下民之王。

He remained quietly in the capital;
But [his troops] went on from the borders of Ruan.
They ascended our lofty ridges,
And [the enemy] arrayed no forces on our hills,
On our hills, small or large,
Nor drank at our springs,
Our springs or our pools.
He then determined the finest of the plains,
And settled on the south of Qi,
On the side of the Wei;
The centre of all the States,
The resort of the lower people.

帝謂文王,予懷明德,
不大聲以色,不長夏以革。
不識不知,順帝之則。
帝謂文王,詢爾仇方,
同爾兄弟,以爾鉤援,
與爾臨衝,以伐崇墉。

God said to king Wen,
'I am pleased with your intelligent virtue,
Not loudly proclaimed nor pourtrayed,
Without extravagance or changeableness,
Without consciousness of effort on your part,
In accordance with the pattern of God.'
God said to king Wen,
'Take measures against the country of your foes.
Along with your brethren,
Get ready your scaling ladders,
And your engines of onfall and assault,
To attack the walls of Chong.'

臨衝閑閑,崇墉言言。
執訊連連,攸馘安安。
是類是禡,是致是附。
四方以無悔。
臨衝茀茀,崇墉仡仡。
是伐是肆,是絕是忽。
四方以無拂。

The engines of onfall and assault were gently plied,
Against the walls of Chong high and great;
Captives for the question were brought in one after another;
' The left ears [of the slain] were taken leisurely.
He sacrificed to God, and to the Father of war,
Thus seeking to induce submission;
And throughout the kingdom none dared to insult him.
The engines of onfall and assault were vigorously plied,
Against the walls of Chong very strong;
He attacked it, and let loose all his forces;
He extinguished [its sacrifices], and made an end of its existence;
And throughout the kingdom none dared to oppose him.'

== 시경(詩經): 동양 사상 형성에 일조한 시가 ==
文王之什-8. 靈臺(영대): 영대
《詩經 - Book of Poetry》
《大雅 - Greater odes of the kingdom》
《文王之什 - Decade Of Wen Wang》

《靈臺 - Ling Tai》

經始靈臺,經之營之。
庶民攻之,不日成之。
經始勿亟,庶民子來。

When he planned the commencement of the marvellous tower,
He planned it, and defined it;
And the people in crowds undertook the work,
And in no time completed it.
When he planned the commencement, [he said], ' Be not in a hurry; '
But the people came as if they were his children.

王在靈囿,麀鹿攸伏,
麀鹿濯濯,白鳥翯翯。
王在靈沼,於牣魚躍。

The king was in the marvellous park,
Where the does were lying down, -
The does, so sleek and fat;
With the white birds glistening.
The king was by the marvellous pond; -
How full was it of fishes leaping about!

虡業維樅,賁鼓維鏞。
於論鼓鐘,於樂辟廱。

On his posts was the toothed face-board, high and strong,
With the large drums and bells.
In what unison were their sounds!
What joy was there in the hall with its circlet of water!

於論鼓鐘,於樂辟廱。
鼉鼓逢逢,朦瞍奏公。

In what unison sounded the drums and bells!
What joy was there in the hall with its circlet of water!
The lizard-skin drums rolled harmonious,
As the blind musicians performed their parts.

== 시경(詩經): 동양 사상 형성에 일조한 시가 ==
文王之什-9. 下武(하무): 무궁하게 이어나갈 주나라
《詩經 - Book of Poetry》
《大雅 - Greater odes of the kingdom》
《文王之什 - Decade Of Wen Wang》

《下武 - Xia Wu》

下武維周,世有哲王。
三后在天,王配于京。

Successors tread in the steps [of their predecessors] in our Zhou.
For generations there had been wise kings;
The three sovereigns were in heaven;
And king [Wu] was their worthy successor in his capital.

王配于京,世德作求。
永言配命,成王之孚。

King [Wu] was their worthy successor in his capital,
Rousing himself to seek for the hereditary virtue,
Always striving to accord with the will [of Heaven];
And thus he secured the confidence due to a king.

成王之孚,下土之式。
永言孝思,孝思維則。

He secured the confidence due to a king,
And became a pattern of all below him.
Ever thinking how to be filial,
His filial mind was the model [which he supplied].

媚茲一人,應侯順德。
永言孝思,昭哉嗣服。

Men loved him, the One man,
And responded [to his example] with a docile virtue.
Ever thinking how to be filial,
He brilliantly continued the doings [of his fathers].

昭茲來許,繩其祖武。
於萬斯年,受天之祜。

Brilliantly! and his posterity,
Continuing to walk in the steps of their forefathers,
For myriads of years,
Will receive the blessing of Heaven.

受天之祜,四方來賀。
於萬斯年,不遐有佐。

They will receive the blessing of Heaven.
And from the four quarters [of the kingdom] will felicitations come to them.
For myriads of years,
Will there not be their helpers?

== 시경(詩經): 동양 사상 형성에 일조한 시가 ==
文王之什-10. 文王有聲(문왕유성): 문왕을 칭송하다
《詩經 - Book of Poetry》
《大雅 - Greater odes of the kingdom》
《文王之什 - Decade Of Wen Wang》

《文王有聲 - Wen Wang You Sheng》

文王有聲,遹駿有聲。
遹求厥寧,遹觀厥成。
文王烝哉。

King Wen is famous;
Yea, he is very famous.
What he sought was the repose [of the people];
What he saw was the completion [of his work].
A sovereign true was king Wen!

文王受命,有此武功。
既伐于崇,作邑于豐。
文王烝哉。

King Wen received the appointment [of Heaven],
And achieved his martial success.
Having overthrown Chong,
He fixed his [capital] city in Feng.
A sovereign true was king Wen!

築城伊淢,作豐伊匹。
匪棘其欲,遹追來孝。
王后烝哉。

He repaired the walls along the [old] moat :
His establishing himself in Feng was according to [the pattern of his forefathers],
It was not that he was in haste to gratify his wishes; -
It was to show the filial duty which had come down to him.
A sovereign true was [our] royal prince!

王公伊濯,為豐之垣。
四方攸同,王后維翰。
王后烝哉。

His royal merit was brightly displayed,
By those walls of Feng.
There were collected [the sympathies of the people of] the four quarters,
Who regarded the royal prince as their protector.
A sovereign true was [our] royal prince!

豐水東注,維禹之績。
四方攸同,皇王維辟。
皇王烝哉。

The Feng-water flowed on to the east [of the city],
Through the meritorious labour of Yu.
There were collected [the sympathies of the people of ] the four quarters,
Who would have the great king as their ruler.
A sovereign true was the great king!

鎬京辟廱。
自西自東,自南自北,無思不服。
皇王烝哉。

In the capital of Hao he built his hall with its circlet of water;
From the west to the east,
From the south to the north,
There was not a thought but did him homage.
A sovereign true was the great king!

考卜維王,宅是鎬京。
維龜正之,武王成之。
武王烝哉。

He examined and divined, did the king,
About settling in the capital of Hao.
The tortoise-shell decided the site,
And king Wu completed the city.
A sovereign true was king Wu!

豐水有芑,武王豈不仕。
詒厥孫謀,以燕翼子。
武王烝哉。

By the Feng-water grows the white millet; -
Did not king Wu show wisdom in his employment of officers?
He would leave his plans to his descendants,
And secure comfort and support to his son.
A sovereign true was king Wu!

== 시경(詩經): 동양 사상 형성에 일조한 시가 ==
生民之什-1. 生民(생민): 백성을 낳으시다
《詩經 - Book of Poetry》
《大雅 - Greater odes of the kingdom》
《生民之什 - Decade Of Sheng Min》

《生民 - Sheng Min》

厥初生民,時維姜嫄。
生民如何,克禋克祀,以弗無子。
履帝武敏歆,攸介攸止,
載震載夙,載生載育,時維后稷。

Sheng Min:

The first birth of [our] people,
Was from Jiang Yuan.
How did she give birth to [our] people?
She had presented a pure offering and sacrificed,
That her childlessness might be taken away.
She then trod on a toe-print made by God, and was moved,
In the large place where she rested.
She became pregnant; she dwelt retired;
She gave birth to, and nourished [a son],
Who was Hou-ji.

誕彌厥月,先生如達,
不坼不副,無菑無害。
以赫厥靈,上帝不寧,
不康禋祀,居然生子。

When she had fulfilled her months,
Her first-born son [came forth] like a lamb.
There was no bursting, nor rending,
No injury, no hurt; -
Showing how wonderful he would be.
Did not God give her the comfort?
Had He not accepted her pure offering and sacrifice,
So that thus easily she brought forth her son?

誕寘之隘巷,牛羊腓字之。
誕寘之平林,會伐平林。
誕寘之寒冰,鳥覆翼之。
鳥乃去矣,后稷呱矣,
實覃實訏,厥聲載路。

He was placed in a narrow lane,
But the sheep and oxen protected him with loving care.
He was placed in a wide forest,
Where he was met with by the wood-cutters.
He was placed on the cold ice,
And a bird screened and supported him with its wings.
When the bird went away,
Hou-ji began to wail.
His cry was long and loud,
So that his voice filled the whole way.

誕實匍匐,克歧克嶷,以就口食。
蓺之荏菽,荏菽旆旆,
禾役穟穟,麻麥幪幪,瓜瓞唪唪。

When he was able to crawl,
He looked majestic and intelligent.
When he was able to feed himself,
He fell to planting large beans.
The beans grew luxuriantly;
His rows of paddy shot up beautifully;
His hemp and wheat grew strong and close;
His gourds yielded abundantly.

誕後稷之穡,有相之道。
茀厥豐草,種之黃茂。
實方實苞,實種實褎。
實發實秀,實堅實好。
實穎實傈,即有邰家室。

The husbandry of Hou-ji,
Proceeded on the plan of helping [the growth].
Having cleared away the thick grass,
He sowed the ground with the yellow cereals.
He managed the living grain, till it was ready to burst;
Then he used it as seed, and it sprang up;
It grew and came into ear;
It became strong and good;
It hung down, every grain complete; -
And thus he was appointed lord of Tai.

誕降嘉種,維秬維秠,維穈維芑。
恆之秬秠,是穫是畝。
恆之穈芑,是任是負。
以歸肇祀。

He gave his people the beautiful grains:
The black millet, and the double-kernelled;
The tall red, and the white.
They planted extensively the black and the double-kernelled,
Which were reaped and stacked on the ground.
They planted extensively the tall red and the white,
Which were carried on their shoulders and backs,
Home for the sacrifices which he founded.

誕我祀如何。
或舂或揄,或簸或蹂。
釋之叟叟,烝之浮浮。
載謀載惟,取蕭祭脂,取羝以軷。
載燔載烈,以興嗣歲。

And how as to our sacrifices [to him]?
Some hull [the grain]; some take it from the mortar;
Some sift it; some tread it.
It is rattling in the dishes;
It is distilled, and the steam floats about.
We consult; we observe the rites of purification;
We take southernwood and offer it with the fat;
We sacrifice a ram to the Spirit of the path;
We offer roast flesh and broiled:
And thus introduce the coming year.

卬盛于豆,于豆于登。
其香始升,上帝居歆。
胡臭亶時,后稷肇祀,
庶無罪悔,以迄于今。

We load the stands with the offerings,
The stands both of wood and of earthenware.
As soon as the fragrance ascends,
God, well pleased, smells the sweet savour.
Fragrant is it, and in its due season!
Hou-ji founded the sacrifice,
And no one, we presume, has given occasion for blame or regret in regard to it,
Down to the present day.